"When we get through with the Jews in America, they'll think the treatment they received in Germany was nothing." — Charles Edward "Father" Coughlin, a popular Roman Catholic Priest and one of the leaders of the fascist movement in the United States in the 1930s, at a rally in 1938 *
Like most children from the baby-boom generation, I grew up in the shadow of fascism. The atomic bombs that threatened to end the world had been developed to defeat the fascist National Socialist (Nazi) Party in Germany. Communism was the new fascism; the United States had to invade Vietnam because otherwise it would be like not standing up to Hitler before World War II. Then I heard critics call Presidents Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon fascists. What did it mean to call elected Presidents fascist? I studied fascism, along with other topics, as a political science major in college. I have continued to study and analyze fascism ever since.
I am defining fascism pragmatically as the type of government (and economy and social relationships) characterized by the acknowledged big 3 fascist states: Adolph Hitler's Nazi Germany, Benito Mussolini's fascist Italy, and General Francisco Franco's Spain. Of course there were many other fascist states, and many fascist movements that were not able to gain control of their nations. — William P. Meyers
Fall of France in World War II, Fascism True Nature Revealed [July 7, 2015]
Series on Pius XI:
The Hitler Honeymoon: Germany 1933-1934 [February 17, 2013]
*quoted in The Glory and The Dream by William Manchester, page 213