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Notes on The Memoirs of Cordell Hull
by William P. Meyers

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Page 5
Defeated Cordell Hull becomes Democratic Party chairman.

In the 1920 elections, while the Republican Presidential candidate Warren Harding won and Democratic Party politicians did poorly in general, Cordell Hull lost his House of Representatives race to a Republican, Wynne Clouse, by 200 to 300 votes. [p. 105-106]

The Republicans immediately sought to raise tariffs. While a lame-duck congressman Cordell argued that high tariffs would mean European nations would have trouble exporting to the U.S. Then they would also not have the dollars they would need to pay off their war debts to the U.S. In retrospect he was right about this issue. [106-107]

Woodrow Wilson offered to appoint Hull to the U.S. Customs Court, but he declined. [107] He devoted himself to an anti-isolationist policy (isolationism would be popular, particularly in the Republican Party, until the U.S. lost the Battle of Pearl Harbor). For income he practiced law in Carthage, Tennessee. [113]

In November 1921 the Democratic National Committee chose Cordell Hull as its chairman. With the party out of power, he effectively became its leader, and continued to be its chairman until 1924. [113, 116]

In the 1922 elections the Democratic Party gained 75 seats in the House of Representatives. Hull won his own seat back. "In 1920 I had noted the fact that the Republicans got out their womenfolk to vote, whereas the Democratic women in the South, not favoratbly enough impressed with the new policy of Women's Suffrage, had refused to a great extent to go to the polls." Urging women to vote, he believed, helped him win. [115]

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