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Roman Catholic Popes

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Early Christianity
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The Popes

This page provides links to my pages on specific popes, notably Pius XI, who led the Catholic Church during the fascist era.

Pope Peter

Pope Pius XI (1922-1939)

Pope Pius XII (1939-1958)

Pope Benedict XVI

Pius IX and the Roots of Fascism [February 20, 2019]

Israel, Pope Pius XII, and the Holocaust [October 29, 2008]

Pius XII: Hitler and the Vatican by Peter Godman notes and commentary

The Holy Roman Empire, Hitler, and Benedict XVI [May 14, 2009]

- William P. Meyers

(links to other sites)

Papal Encyclicals Online allows you to see what the Popes have had to say over the ages.
Pascendi Dominici Gregis was a 1909 encyclical against thinking.

About the Catholic Church

This site has quite a bit of information and opinion about the Catholic Church, including both serious and humerous essays and fiction. You might want to begin at the main Catholic Church page if you are new to the site.

For news and humor be sure to check out The Vatican Rag. You can also find links to essays about the Church, its theology, history, and social impact on this page.

Before following other links please read the note on toleration. You might want to check out my Philosophy section as well.